Oliver Twist is a classic novel written by Charles Dickens in 1838. It is a story about the struggles of a young orphan boy named Oliver as he navigates through the criminal underworld of 19th century London. The novel is considered a masterpiece of social commentary, as it exposes the harsh realities of poverty, child labor, and the criminal justice system during that time period. It is also known for its memorable characters, such as the criminal Fagin and the kind-hearted Nancy, and its exploration of themes such as love, family, and redemption. Overall, reading Oliver Twist offers an engaging and thought-provoking look into the past while also resonating with many social issues still relevant today.